With the implementation of the “Belt and Road” strategy, the good news of Chinese equipment “going global” is coming. In April this year, AVIC's merger with the United States Allianz will provide global aircraft manufacturers with a package solution from parts procurement to integration services; CSR acquires the British SMD company to include the world's second largest deep-sea robot supplier, China The rail equipment giant is moving from land to the sea floor ... For more than 30 years of reform and opening up, China's equipment manufacturing industry is standing on the world stage with a magnificent attitude.
While "going out", we must recognize the current world structure of China's manufacturing industry. According to a recent research report disclosed by the British "Financial Times", in the next 10 years, changes in the nature of global supply chains will reshape the global trade pattern. The report specifically pointed out that given China's dominant position in the global supply chain, changes in China's manufacturing landscape may have a huge impact on global manufacturing. Relevant economists said that from the perspective of international division of labor, the transformation and development of manufacturing in developing countries is to solve the problem of how to achieve the climb from the low end of the value chain to the high end.
Since the reform and opening up, China's manufacturing industry has seized the opportunities brought by globalization and actively integrated into the global division of labor system. From a self-sufficient closed economy, it has gradually shifted to an open economy that uses two domestic and foreign markets and two resources. The industry also shows a rising trend from the low end to the high end of the global value chain. As China ’s domestic market continues to grow, its internal labor system is gradually formed, its technological innovation capability is enhanced, and exchanges and cooperation between China and emerging markets continue to deepen, which provides a good opportunity for China ’s manufacturing industry to climb to the high end of the global value chain. Conditions and opportunities.
In the tide of accelerating industrial upgrading, to achieve the goal of rising from the low end of the value chain to the mid-to-high end of the Chinese shipbuilding industry, the most important thing is to face the high-end squeeze of developed countries and the low-end squeeze of emerging economies. In the "double-end extrusion" pattern, the hard power of international competition is forged. On the one hand, after the international financial crisis, developed countries began to reflect on "hollow manufacturing", and have pushed forward the "re-industrialization" strategy, and formulated various manufacturing development strategies and plans with manufacturing informationization and manufacturing service as the core. . On the other hand, fast-rising emerging economies will realize the replacement of Chinese manufacturing at a relatively low cost advantage.
In response to this, China's shipbuilding industry should respond positively, in particular, work on high-end technology research and development and international management thinking, improve the comprehensive level and capabilities of shipbuilding companies' international operations, and truly achieve full integration with the international market.
Although the "Belt and Road" has brought unprecedented historical opportunities to the international cooperation of China's shipbuilding industry, due to its own long-term dependence on cost advantages for survival, the products it manufactures lack core and key technologies, and have always been passive in the product supply chain. This is not a long-term development plan for an enterprise. Only by using high and new technology as a stepping stone to get rid of the low-level market wandering can we gradually demonstrate our skills in the high-end links of the industry chain. For example, the reason why China's high-speed rail and nuclear power are so famous in the international market is that they have the technical level to be at the forefront of the world. To this end, the "Made in China 2025" promulgated by China has accelerated the advancement of offshore engineering equipment and high-tech ships as one of the ten key development areas. This fully shows that technological innovation is still the primary task of the transformation and upgrading of China's shipbuilding industry, and it should be grasped at the strategic level of enterprises, industries and even the country.
To promote international production capacity cooperation, we also need to strengthen international management thinking. Especially in foreign countries, business management, work and life, local market rules, labor relations, social culture, policies and laws, and even the religious environment are inevitable. We must work hard to understand, respect, integrate, and evaluate the risks accordingly. Do what you can. We must not only comply with international practices in risk avoidance, guarantees, financing, accounting, law, consulting, etc., understand international rules and master international standards, but also attach great importance to the internationalization and localization of talent development and business management.
In short, China's shipbuilding industry must occupy a place on the world stage, not only to correctly understand the "double-end extrusion" pattern, but also to take the initiative to be down-to-earth and use a global vision to cultivate the irreplaceable capacity in the supply chain ability.